A coolant is a substance typically liquid or gas that is used to reduce or regulate the temperature of a system. An ideal coolant has High thermal capacity, Low viscosity is low-cost, Non-toxic, Chemically inert and neither causes nor promotes corrosion of the cooling system. Some applications also require the coolant to be an electrical insulator.
While the term “coolant” is commonly used in automotive and HVAC applications in industrial processing heat transfer fluid is one technical term more often used in high temperature as well as low temperature manufacturing applications. The term also covers cutting fluids. Industrial cutting fluid has broadly classified as water-soluble coolant and neat cutting fluid. Water-soluble coolant is oil in water emulsion. It has varying oil content from nil oil (synthetic coolant).
This coolant can either keep its phase and stay liquid or gaseous or can undergo a phase transition, with the latent heat adding to the cooling efficiency. The latter when used to achieve below-ambient temperature is more commonly known as refrigerant.
Contamination in Coolant – Small ferrous particles, Non-ferrous particles, Chips, Sludge, Tramp oil.
Problem because of Contaminated Oil – Rejection of parts, Decrease in tool life, Less production.
Coolant Cleaning Machine By KLEENOIL – Magnetic filter used to remove ferrous or para-magnetic contamination from fluids and is capable of sub-micron filtration levels with minimal pressure drop the unit is especially effective with machine tool oils & coolants.